Teeth whitening is a frequently requested dental service. In this process, the appearance of the teeth is enhanced without removing the teeth’s surface. Tooth whitening lightens the existing teeth color. It also removes discolorations and stains.
Who needs teeth whitening?
The appearance of your teeth is influenced by both natural and artificial factors. The outer layer of the teeth is known as enamel. The reflection of light off the enamel is what creates the color shade of your teeth. People with smooth enamels, therefore, have brighter teeth.
Below the enamel lies another layer known as the dentin. The color of the dentin affects the brightness of your teeth. If you have thick enamel, your teeth will appear dark because the color of the dentin will not be visible. On the contrary, people with thin enamels have brighter teeth.
The artificial causes of dark teeth include exposure to colored drinks and tobacco. A pellicle forms every day on the enamel. This membrane picks up stains. The pores of the enamel and the internal layers of the tooth also hold stains. The stains that lie in the deeper layers are known as intrinsic stains. Intrinsic stains are caused by exposure to chemicals such as fluorides and tetracycline antibiotics during infancy.
The teeth whitening procedure
Before the whitening procedure begins, the dentist must inspect your teeth to know the best approach to take. For example, if your teeth have cavities, the whitening gel can pass through these cavities and cause damage to the gum and inner layers of the teeth. In a such a case, the dentist will first fill the holes.
After inspection, the dentist will clean your teeth. Cleaning will eliminate any bacteria or food substances that might have built up on the teeth.
The most common teeth whitening method is the use of whitening gels. As earlier stated, the whitening gel can damage the gums. The dentist will, therefore, put rubber guards on your gums before applying the whitening gel. The whitening gel is applied using a tray that is specially designed to fit in your mouth.
Most whitening agents contain oxidizing agents such as carbide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide. As the oxidizing agents are broken down, they release oxygen. The oxygen is absorbed into the enamel making it appear brighter. This process is also known as bleaching.
How long does the teeth whitening process take?
The time taken depends on the severity of the discoloration and the type of bleaching agent used. For most people, the whitening process takes more than three sessions. These sessions can take between 30 and 120 minutes.
The whitening process can be accelerated by using strong oxidizing agents. Laser beams are also used to achieve faster results. When the laser beams are focused on some oxidizing agents, they catalyze the oxidation process.
Teeth whitening can be carried out at dental offices or home. If you prefer to perform the procedure at home, the dentist will give you a mouth tray and the whitening gel. You will be required to fill the tray with whitening gel and fit it in your teeth for several hours each day.
Does teeth whitening have any side effects?
Teeth whitening has no severe side effects. However, some people may experience teeth sensitivity and gum irritation for a few hours after undergoing the process. It is not advisable to do teeth whitening during pregnancy.
Where can you get teeth whitening services in Ogden, Utah
At Mountain View Dental we have proficient dentists who will give you the best dental experience. These dentists have performed numerous teeth whitening procedures in the past. Patients who receive treatment at Mountain View Dental enjoy free teeth whitening. If you require the attention of our dentists, you can schedule an appointment now.